Every person who loves to do off-roading and owns a vehicle is also concerned with fuel consumption. People keep a budget for fuel as gas mileage, or fuel economy is a concern for everyone.
Different factors determine fuel efficiency, and parts of vehicles play an essential role in which tire type is the foremost. The question arises that do mud tires affect gas mileage. Do mud tires affect gas mileage?
In general, mud tires affect the gas mileage; however, if the tire size is not too big, the gas mileage won’t be affected too much. Aggressive treading increases the rolling resistance so that more tires can be put on the ground, but it can hurt the gas mileage of the vehicle.
Mud terrain tires are the hardcore tire for all off-road enthusiasts, and the size design of tires leads to an increase or decrease in gas mileage. Another factor is the tire’s weight, as it is said that the greater the size of the tire, the greater is the mass resulting in a drop in gas mileage.
I took an almost 3mpg hit, but I also lifted my truck and went to a way more giant tire. I have to pay the cost at the pump, but I wanted the extra capability I got with my mods. Let’s deep dive now:
Do Mud Tires Affect Gas Mileage?
Some people wonder how mud tires can affect gas mileage. The answer is simple: gas mileage is linked with tires, and tires can make a big difference in the number of miles a driver gets to a gas tank.
The tire on the car affects the fuel economy and rolling resistance. So let’s see what is meant by rolling resistance.
1. Rolling Resistance:
Rolling resistance is a force that resists the motion between the wheel and the surface. Many factors are involved with rolling resistance and fuel economy, including inertia, road quality, and air drag.
The factor of tire changing is not linked with it. Rolling resistance plays a more significant role in fuel economy as the vehicle design becomes more aerodynamic.
Rolling resistance plays a more substantial role when other fuel economy factors are eliminated. Now the manufacturers develop low rolling resistance tires to reduce weight and hold thin sidewalls and shallow tread depths.
A mud tire will have more rolling resistance. It will decrease gas mileage slightly, but exactly how much depends on the tire. Tread designs will make a difference. The Firestone tire will have better compounds and overall design process than a private label tire.
2. Gas Mileage and Treadwear:
The mud tire will be more fuel-efficient when the tread is shallower. To achieve traction, the fuel-efficient tires must hold shallow-tread rib designs.
Tire tread is responsible for the rolling resistance of a mud tire. Compounds used in manufacturing the tires, such as natural and synthetic rubber, reduce rolling resistance.
3. Association of Gas Mileage and Tire Size:
Smaller wheels and tires are the best option compared to the larger ones as they are easier to move. They provide better gas mileage as less power is needed.
The engine works harder to make smaller wheels cover the same distance while driving. But for better fuel economy during cruising, larger wheels still hold significance.
It is also recommended to compensate the weight, and it should be taken into consideration. Whenever you add weight to wheel size and tire size, reduce the height of the sidewall as it also affects the load capacity.
In April 2010, Car and Driver conducted a thorough test on a new Volkswagen Golf 2.5 to see how much impact larger tires had on the vehicle’s fuel efficiency. The Volkswagen Golf 2.5, which has a factory tire size of 15 x 6.0 inches, was tested with tires as large as 19 x8.5 inches in the Car and Driver test. With the standard 15 x 6.0 in tires, the Volkswagen Golf 2.5 was rated with a fuel economy of 23.3 miles per gallon (MPG) in the Car and Driver test. When the Volkswagen was equipped with 19 x 8.5-inch tires, the fuel economy dropped to only 21.1 MPG – that’s less than a 10% decrease in fuel economy.
4. Tire Inflation:
One of the easy ways to enhance the fuel economy is to make sure that the mud tires are correctly inflated. It is said that the tires that are even 20% underinflated can increase the wear rate on tires. It leads to more than 10% fuel consumption and leads to the need for new tires soon.
Features of Mud Tires Affecting Gas Mileage and Fuel Economy:
Every driver associated with off-roading is interested in improving the fuel economy. People are not much aware of maximizing their fuel economy and fuel-efficient vehicles, and alternative transportation has made it possible.
But still, as a rider, have you still thought that the choice of tires also plays an essential role in maximizing the fuel economy? It is better to look for rolling resistance in tires for fuel economy.
It is also stated that moving objects demands energy. The vehicle will burn more fuel as more resistance is required for driving the car. Here are some ways to reduce rolling resistance and some features of mud tires affecting fuel economy.
1. Air Pressure:
It is recommended to check the appropriate air pressure of tires every month frequently. Tires deflated by 8 psi increase rolling resistance by 20%.
Follow the guidelines for filling the tires in case of mud tires. All the procedures and specifications are mentioned on the outer wall of the tires.
2. Tire Tread:
Tire treads can make the gas mileage worse. Treads help grab the asphalt in harsh weather and are helpful during sudden break situations. Deeper treads worsen the gas mileage. All the race drivers use slicks which are bald tires and lack treads. It improves the fuel economy and increases speed too.
But still, for everyday driving, the adequate tread is necessary. Off-road treads are chunky and knobby and degrade the fuel economy significantly. It is better to exchange the off-road treads with conventional tires.
3. Tire Size:
The size of the tire is also associated with gas mileage. Smaller tires are easier to get moving on smaller wheels. It is so because they weigh less and cause less friction than a heavier and larger wheel.
Larger wheels are better for highway driving as they can put more engines. The best tires for optimal fuel mileage are stock tires recommended by the car manufacturer in the owner’s manual.
4. Wheel Type:
Choosing a lighter alloy wheel over steel wheels is recommended if you want to customize your wheels and demand to change the size of tires. Wheels have a designated load capacity, and you should consider that either your vehicle is capable enough to carry the load.
Have a look at the tire size that will fit the wheel and know if the new wheel requires a shorter sidewall. It will lower the load capacity. As a rider, you can improve fuel economy by choosing the best wheels and tire packages for your vehicle.
Steps for Boosting the Fuel Efficiency and Gas Mileage:
There are several steps to increase fuel efficiency for on-road and off-roading vehicles. Some of them are as below: are as below:
1. Changing the Driving Habits:
This method is considered the cheapest and most effective way to access more miles per gallon. Changing the difficult driving habits for fuel efficiency can boost fuel efficiency. You can adopt the following patterns, eventually increasing fuel efficiency, and mud tires will not affect gas mileage.
- It is advisable to keep your highway speeds reasonably close to the limit to prevent gas mileage.
- It is recommended to use cruise oil in your vehicles having mud tires.
- It is advisable to accelerate slowly from stops using vehicles having mud tires.
- Maintaining the truck according to the owner’s manual schedule is recommended.
- It is an excellent step to remove the trailer hitch if you are not towing and avoid carrying unnecessary stuff in the cabin.
2. Choosing the Right Tires:
Unless or until you are a severe off-road rider, it is recommended to use all-terrain tires. For the riders using mud-terrain tires, the selection of tires plays an essential role in managing the fuel economy.
Compared to mud-terrain tires, all-terrain tires act as the best combination of grip, fuel economy, and road noise. If you are looking for some best options here, we recommend you choose tires such as Nitto Terra Grappler G2 and Cooper Discoverer A/T3 tires.
These tires provide the best services in off-roading conditions and are durable to handle all weather conditions. These options also deliver better gas mileage as they hold less aggressive treads.
3. Level of Gas:
It is recommended to use the level of gas according to your truck or vehicle’s requirement. It is not an excellent option to spend an extra amount just for filling the fuel as it will go up in smoke. It will not provide better performance or mileage, so use according to the gas level.
4. Avoid Tailgating Down:
Commonly, driving with a tailgate downwards does not provide better gas mileage. In an upwards position, driving with the tailgate delivers better fuel efficiency than the down tailgate.
Experts say it is better to drive with the closed tailgate as it allows the air to flow over the truck by falling over the cab and pushing forward on its rear side. It is not seen when the tailgate is down as the car doesn't get the free push from the air.
How to Achieve better Gas mileage for Off-Roading:
|Habits||Gas mileage is although not a big issue during driving off-road still plays an important role in getting to and from your favorite trail. |
It is recommended to make some smooth starts and stops and a rider should go easy on the gas pedal. Sometimes, a rider requires a blast of torque but at that moment it is not necessary to worry about fuel efficiency.
|Accessories||The addition of custom components like new exhaust, computer chips, and air intake systems can improve gas mileage and add performance. |
This thing is helpful if your vehicle adds heavier tires and a lift kit. It has been seen that the addition of larger tires and suspension lifts burdens the engine.
Various kinds of add-ons like roof racks and bug shields on the exterior of the vehicle can cause additional wind resistance at high speeds. Flexible covers better mileage improvements as compared to a hardcover.
|Tires||Mud terrain tires are made for hardcore off-road enthusiasts and might look cool but they are noisy in daily driving. |
Heavy treading of these tires increases rolling resistance on the pavement which is a minus for gas mileage. It is recommended to choose the best tires according to your situation.
Focus on the re-inflation situation as under-inflation can lower fuel efficiency.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs):
How much is gas mileage lost with mud tires?
It has been demonstrated that a 3% drop in fuel economy is seen when comparing all-terrain tires with all-season SUV tires. Drop-in fuel economy is inevitable and additional energy is required to motivate the bulky mud-terrain tread to keep it on track.
Do mud tires make any difference?
Mud tire is a better choice as compared to all-terrain tires. Mud tires provide better off-roading traction in extreme, deep mud, dirt, and sand-filled terrains, but still is a personal preference.
Do mud tires wear out faster than other choices?
Mud tires wear faster as compared to other choices. Mud tires include soft rubber compounds providing a better grip on any surface. Thus they cost more and wear much faster than others.
Are mud tires a good choice for highways?
Mud tires are a good choice for travelling at highway speeds. But if you are not spending much time in the mud, all-terrains are an excellent choice for your daily commute.
Which tires are considered best for fuel efficiency?
The top 8 fuel-efficient tires are as follows:
- Continental pure Contact tires
- Bridge stone Ecopia EP422 tires
- Michelin energy saver A/S tires
- Good year assurance fuel max tires
- Michelin defender tires
- Bridge stone Turanza serenity plus tires
- Continental cross contact LX20
- Michelin premier A/S
How long do the mud tires last on the road if used effectively?
Mud tires can last for up to 40,000 miles on mud, gravel and loose terrains. Mud tires are designed with deep treads, and they should flex with the terrain.
Do terrain tires get better gas mileage than mud tires?
All-terrain tires do not have the same fuel efficiency as passenger car tires. They don’t increase fuel consumption compared to mud terrains and significantly affect fuel economy.
Do mud tires perform well in the rain?
Mud tires are not made to perform well in the rain and on wet pavement. The reason behind this is the tread blocks which are pronounced and wider channels that leave so much space without any grooves.
How often can mud tires be rotated?
A driver should rotate the mud tires as recommended by the vehicle manufacturer or attempt so after every 5000 miles. The rotation includes periodically changing of position of each tire on the vehicle.
Do mud tires wear out quickly as compared to all terrains?
Mud tires tend to wear faster and are worse on wet roads. They also produce a lot of noise.
Do the bigger mud tires provide better gas mileage?
Larger tires can decrease the fuel economy as they are heavy and have higher rolling resistance. Small tires increase fuel efficiency as they require more resistance and effort for rolling. The treads on tires also impact the fuel economy.
This is Surya. I am an experienced off-roader. I have been off-roading for many years across several terrains. I am passionate about 4×4 driving and want to share my knowledge and experience with others.
My goal is to provide you with the most comprehensive and unbiased information about off-roading.
I curated this article through my personal experience and expertise, and I hope it helps you with what you are looking for.